A nurse puts a fetal monitor on a pregnant mother’s belly

What to know about diabetes during pregnancy

Some women develop diabetes after they become pregnant. This condition is known as gestational diabetes.

The good news is that it’s a treatable condition. Both mother and baby can be healthy, often with lifestyle changes alone.

Know your risks

You may develop gestational diabetes if:

  • You had the condition during a previous pregnancy
  • You’re having a very large baby (9 pounds or more)
  • You had a stillbirth during a previous pregnancy
  • You have overweight or obesity
  • You are older than 25
  • You have a family history of diabetes

Left untreated, gestational diabetes can harm your baby and cause problems during childbirth. 

The good news is you can control gestational diabetes—if you take it seriously.

Make healthy changes 

Many women with gestational diabetes can keep their blood sugar under control with healthy eating and exercise:

  • Work with your doctor to create a healthy eating plan.
  • Eat healthy foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
  • Limit sweets.
  • Try to be active for 30 minutes or more, at least five days a week. Walking is a great way to control your blood sugar and weight.

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